Laparoscopic Appendectomy

Laparoscopic Appendectomy

What is Appendix and where is it situated in the abdomen?

Appendix is a 3-4 inches long tubular structure attached at the junction of small and large intestine in the abdomen. It is a vestigial structure in human beings.

What is the Appendicitis?

Inflammation of Appendix is known as Appendicitis.

Appendicitis is one of the causes of serious belly pain. It happens when the appendix, a part of the large intestine, becomes infected and inflamed.

Appendicitis is most common in people between the ages of 10 and 30, although it can occur at any age.

What are the symptoms of Appendicitis ?

Common symptoms of appendicitis include:

  • Pain in the belly. The pain may begin around the belly button.
  • Pain in the belly that gets stronger and moves below the belly button to the lower right side.
  • Pain that does not go away and gets worse when the person moves, walks, or coughs.
  • Pain in any part of the belly or on the side.
  • Nausea, throwing up, and not wanting to eat.
  • Constipation, back pain, and a slight fever.
  • A general feeling of being sick, and a pain that is hard to describe.

If the inflamed appendix is not surgically removed and the infection gets worse, the wall of the appendix can break open (rupture). This spreads infection into the belly area, causing peritonitis. Peritonitis is a serious condition that, in rare cases, can lead to death.

What are the complications of Appendicitis?

Appendix may perforate & pus spreads into the whole of abdomen if, surgery is not done on time.

What is the treatment of Appendicitis & period of recovery after Appendectomy?

Emergency removal of Appendix ( Appendisectomy / Appendectomy) which maybe performed by open or laparoscopic approach. Recovery time is 2-3 days after laparoscopic surgery and about 7-10 days after open surgery

How is Laparoscopic Appendectomy Surgery performed ( Surgical Procedure )?

It is performed under general anaesthesia making small key holes in the abdomen through which the telescope and thin & long instruments are introduced and surgery is done by seeing inside of the abdomen on a TV monitor and diseased appendix is removed

What is the severity of post Appendectomy pain?

Pain after Appendectomy (Laparoscopic) is mild while after open surgery is moderate